Early 17th Century Dutch Gown

This historical costume presents a characteristic type of wealthy women’s clothing known from numerous paintings of Dutch Baroque painting.

It is made of several layers.


The layer closest to the body includes a shirt decorated with lace inserts, a woolen petticoat decorated with stripes of black velvet and a red stays. The stays are stiffened with reeds and laced at the front. Support for the skirt are a bumroll and a farthingale (fortugal) in the form of a plate. This model is sometimes called the French farthingale; it gives the dress the shape of a drum.


The outer dress is made of green silk. The skirt is decorated with black stripes, the bodice with black lace. The front of the bodice is fastened with a row of black buttons and strongly elongated so that it clearly overlaps the skirt.


The outergown is made of black patterned fabric. It is an item of very loose clothing, popular throughout Europe, primarily in the 16th century. At the beginning of the 17th century, it was a characteristic element of the Dutch feminine dress. Complementing the outfit are linen ruff, cuffs and bonnet. The ruff is a 17 meters canvas belt sewn into an elegant collar. Supportasse for it is a frame with a decoratively bent wire. The upper part is covered with a thin canvas and decorated with lace. Therefore, The bottom part is adorned with bows from a black ribbon. Similar constructions are found in several museum collections.


The diadem cap is another element of popular fashion only in the Netherlands. It is made of a thin linen cloth, the diadem part hides the frame, because this model requires it.